3 way handshake

TCP 3 way hadshake is a method to establish and  brake down TCP socket connections.This is a connection oriented protocol. That’s why TCP uses specific control parameters as control bits:

* URG. Urgent pointer field significant

* ACK. Acknowledgement filed significant

* PSH. Push Function

* RST. Reset connection

* SYN. Synchronize sequence numbers

* FIN. No more data from sender

The protocol operation is as follow:
I can suppose that we have got a client host and server host. Client wants to stablish a comunication with the server.
Server is listen and waiting for a connection request from any remote client. This action is called passive open.

1 – Client send a connection request.

SYN ————>

2 – Server has received a SYN from the client and it send back an aknowledgment.

<———— SYN-ACK

3 – Client sends an ACK back to the server.

ACK ————>

Connection is stablished till the client sends a FIN to end.

This is a capture  taken with Wireshark

Checking frame by frame, you can see each flag:

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Posted on 8 June 2010, in analyzing, networking, wireshark and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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